Health

FOOD POISONING

Introduction:

Food poisoning is an acute gastroenteritis caused by the consumption of a food material or a drink which contains the pathogenic micro organism or their toxins or poisonous chemicals.Food poisoning is common in hostels,hotels,communal feedings, and festivel seasons.

A group of persons will be affected with same type of symptoms ,and they give a history of consumption of a common food before few hours.

Types of food poisoning

1) Bacterial food poisoning:

Here the micro organisms called bacteria are responsible.The food material may contain the pathogenic bacteriae or their toxin and will be ingested along with the food.

2) Non bacterial food poisoning:

Due to the presence of toxic chemicals like fertilizers,insectisides,heavy metals and ect.

Since bacterial food poisoning is common it is discussed here.

Bacterial food poisoning:

All bacteria are not harmful.There are some pathogenic bacteria which secrete toxins and cause clinical manifestations.These organisms enter the human body through food articles or drinks.

How food poisoning occures:

1) Presence of bacteria in the water.

2) The raw materials for the food may contain toxins.

3) Premises where the food is prepared may contain micro organisms or toxins.

4) Food handlers may have some infectious diseases.

5) Some animals like dogs,rats may contaminate the food.

6) If prepared food is kept in the room temperature for a long time and heated again can make a chance for food poisoning.

7) Purposely some body mixing toxins in the food.

Some common bacterial food poisonings.

1) Salmonella food poisoning:

There are three different varieties of salmonella bacteria.(salmonella typhimurium,salmonella cholera suis,salmonella enteritidis) These bacteria are present in milk, milk products and eggs. Symptoms of this food poisoning include nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea. Fever is also common.

2) Botulism:

This is the dangerous type of food poisoning caused by clostridium botulinum. The spores of these organisms are seen in the soil and enters the human body through pickles and canned fish ect.Compared to other food poisonings here vomiting and diarrhoea are rare Mainly the nervous system is affected.The symptoms starts with double vision,numbness with weakness.Later there will be paralysis with cardiac and respiratory failure ending in death.

3) Staphylococcal food poisoning:

It is caused by staphylo coccus aureus. These organisms usually cause skin troubles like boils and eruptions.It causes mastitis in cow.Through the milk and milk products it enders and causes gastroenteritis.There will be vomiting,abdominal cramps with diarrhoea.

4) Closteridium food poisoning:

This is caused by closteridium perfringens.They are present in stool,soil and water. They enter the body through,meat,meat dishes and egg ect.If food articles are cooked and kept in room temperature for a long time and heated again before eating can result this food poisoning.Symptoms include vomiting ,diarrhoea and abdominal cramps.

5) Bacillus cereus:

The spores of these organisms can survive cooking and causes enteritis. Diarrhoea and vomiting is common in this infection.

How to investigate food poisoning?

1) Examine each and every person affected.

2) Water sample should be tested.

3) Kitchen, store room and food samples should be examined.

4) The cook and food handlers should be questioned and examined.

5) Samples of vomitus and stool of all victims should be tested to identify the bacteria.

How to prevent food poisoning:-

1) Only purified water should be used.

2) Hygiene should be maintained by all persons keeping contact with food.

3) Workers should use masks, cap and gloves during cooking and serving.

4) Sick individuals should not come in contact with food materials.

5) Kitchen and premises should be neat and clean.

5) Vessels should be washed with soap and hot water.

6) Should not keep the prepared food for a long time in room temperature.

7) All food materials should be kept in closed containers.

8) Animals like dog, cat, rat ect should not come in contact with food materials.

9) Vegetables should be washed before cooking.

10) Meat should be fresh and should be purchased from recognised slaughter house.

 

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Health

Have Questions About Eye Care? These Tips Can Help!

Eye care is a topic that many people do not know about. However, having healthy eyes helps promote health to other areas of the body. This article should change that. Some of the best tips are located below. Keep reading to learn what you need to know.

Knowing your families history when it comes to eye disease can really be beneficial to you. Hereditary or genetic eye issues can be treated and early intervention can prevent them from causing severe irreparable damage. The sooner you get it looked at, the better the treatment options.

You need to know if your family members have or have had eye diseases. Some conditions are hereditary; knowing what your risk is can help with treatment. Talk to your elders about your family history.

Omega-3 helps protect your eyes. Food that is healthy and contains proper nutrients is good to maintain eye health. Some foods to start consuming would be leafy vegetables, tuna, halibut, and salmon. Eat a serving everyday.

You must be seeing your eye doctor for regular checkups. You should definitely get problems with your eyes looked at immediately; however, you might not see some issues show itself until a later time. Regular eye check-ups are best for this. You can catch an eye issue as it begins to present itself and get it treated right away.

Always wear your sunglasses. Wearing the proper sunglasses will keep your eyes protected from harmful ultraviolet rays. UV exposure can cause cataracts and/or macular degeneration. For maximum protection, pick sunglasses that completely block UVB and UVA rays. For optimal protection, choose wraparound sunglasses.

Wear good sunglasses to help your eyes. They will help your eyes by blocking UV rays. Your shades should block 100-percent of UVA and UVB rays. If you enjoy driving, polarized lenses are important. They can reduce glare. Wear sunglasses even if your eye corrective wear provides protection.

Using the computer too often can actually cause eye damage. Blink frequently, if they feel dry. ALso, turn down the brightness on your computer. There are screens sold that have anti-glare properties. Finally, position your computer so that the monitor’s top and your eyes are at the same level. By looking downward, your eyes are better protected from strain.

Eye care is critical to your health. With this information, you have a lot of knowledge. Make sure to use these tips. You will be able to protect your eyes. Also, your eyes might even improve over time. At the very least, the tips should help them maintain their current state.

Health

Hair Care Advice For Picture Perfect Locks

Does your hair look dull? Are you sick of it looking like that? Well, there are things that you could do in order to bring excitement and life back to your hair. This article has many tips and suggestions that you can use to make a noticeable difference in your hair’s quality.

Avoid using heavy conditioners if your hair is fine or thin. Heavy conditioners are just that, heavy; they will weigh your hair down making it appear flat and lifeless. The best conditioners to use for volume are mousse conditioners or leave-in conditioners.

Don’t use too many appliances on your hair so that it can become stronger and be restored. Some appliances, especially curling irons and blow dryers, can do a number on your hair, which makes controlling frizz and repairing damage a real pain. Every once in a while, give your hair a break and lay off the heat!

Stay away from using a blow dryer when drying hair. Styling your hair with heat is damaging and it can cause hair to be frizzy. Instead, when your hair is wet keep it in a towel until it dries out. Doing this will let your hair dry naturally, leading to healthy looking hair.

Damaging your hair is a real possibility when you blow dry it. You should avoid using a blow dryer to avoid your hair from being harmed, find a different way to dry your hair if you have to dry it. Use your fingers to untangle knots, and then dry your hair gently before you brush it.

When you are looking for hair care products, look for those with natural ingredients. It is also important to find a hair type specific shampoo and conditioner to improve the condition of your hair. Make sure you try out different products up until you figure out what works for your hair and the style you’re going for.

During the winter and fall, remember not to stay out when it is cold for extended periods of time. Cold weather may dry up your hair and lower the amount of healthy oils and nutrients on your scalp. Make sure you protect your hair if you need to be outdoors for a long time.

With any luck, the ideas in this piece are ones you can simply combine into your everyday habits. If you make the effort to follow even a few of the tips you will definitely be able to see a difference in the way your hair looks and feels.